Thanksgiving Is Ruined

The Personal is Political. The Political is Personal.

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March 26, 2008
 
DasKnicholized (experiment . . .)

version 1:

The wealth of those societies in which the capitalist mode of production prevails, presents itself as "an immense accumulation of commodities," its unit being a single commodity. Our investigation must therefore begin with the analysis of a commodity.

A commodity is, in the first place, an object outside us, a thing that by its properties satisfies human wants of some sort or another. The nature of such wants, whether, for instance, they spring from the stomach or from fancy, makes no difference. Neither are we here concerned to know how the object satisfies these wants, whether directly as means of subsistence, or indirectly as means of production.

Every useful thing, as iron, paper, &c., may be looked at from the two points of view of quality and quantity. It is an assemblage of many properties, and may therefore be of use in various ways. To discover the various uses of things is the work of history. So also is the establishment of socially-recognized standards of measure for the quantities of these useful objects. The diversity of these measures has its origin partly in the diverse nature of the objects to be measured, partly in convention.

The utility of a thing makes it a use value. But this utility is not a thing of air. Being limited by the physical properties of the commodity, it has no existence apart from that commodity. A commodity, such as iron, corn, or a diamond, is therefore, so far as it is a material thing, a use value, something useful. This property of a commodity is independent of the amount of labour required to appropriate its useful qualities. When treating of use value, we always assume to be dealing with definite quantities, such as dozens of watches, yards of linen, or tons of iron. The use values of commodities furnish the material for a special study, that of the commercial knowledge of commodities. Use values become a reality only by use or consumption: they also constitute the substance of all wealth, whatever may be the social form of that wealth. In the form of society we are about to consider, they are, in addition, the material depositories of exchange value.

Exchange value, at first sight, presents itself as a quantitative relation, as the proportion in which values in use of one sort are exchanged for those of another sort, a relation constantly changing with time and place. Hence exchange value appears to be something accidental and purely relative, and consequently an intrinsic value, i.e., an exchange value that is inseparably connected with, inherent in commodities, seems a contradiction in terms.

Let us consider the matter a little more closely.


(source here)


version 2:


Thewealthofthosesocietiesinwhichthecapitalistmodeofproductionprevailspresentsitselfas
animmenseaccumulationofcommoditiesitsunitbeingasinglecommodityOurinvestigationmustthe
reforebeginwiththeanalysisofacommodityAcommodityisinthefirstplaceanobjectoutsideusath
ingthatbyitspropertiessatisfieshumanwantsofsomesortoranotherThenatureofsuchwantswheth
erforinstancetheyspringfromthestomachorfromfancymakesnodifferenceNeitherarewehereconc
ernedtoknowhowtheobjectsatisfiesthesewantswhetherdirectlyasmeansofsubsistenceorindire
ctlyasmeansofproductionEveryusefulthingasironpaper&cmaybelookedatfromthetwopointsofvi
ewofqualityandquantityItisanassemblageofmanypropertiesandmaythereforebeofuseinvarious
waysTodiscoverthevarioususesofthingsistheworkofhistorySoalsoistheestablishmentofsocia
llyrecognizedstandardsofmeasureforthequantitiesoftheseusefulobjectsThediversityofthes
emeasureshasitsoriginpartlyinthediversenatureoftheobjectstobemeasuredpartlyinconventi
onTheutilityofathingmakesitausevalueButthisutilityisnotathingofairBeinglimitedbytheph
ysicalpropertiesofthecommodityithasnoexistenceapartfromthatcommodityAcommoditysuchasi
roncornoradiamondisthereforesofarasitisamaterialthingausevaluesomethingusefulThisprop
ertyofacommodityisindependentoftheamountoflabourrequiredtoappropriateitsusefulqualiti
esWhentreatingofusevaluewealwaysassumetobedealingwithdefinitequantitiessuchasdozensof
watchesyardsoflinenortonsofironTheusevaluesofcommoditiesfurnishthematerialforaspecial
studythatofthecommercialknowledgeofcommoditiesUsevaluesbecomearealityonlybyuseorconsu
mptiontheyalsoconstitutethesubstanceofallwealthwhatevermaybethesocialformofthatwealth
Intheformofsocietyweareabouttoconsidertheyareinadditionthematerialdepositoriesofexcha
ngevalueExchangevalueatfirstsightpresentsitselfasaquantitativerelationastheproportion
inwhichvaluesinuseofonesortareexchangedforthoseofanothersortarelationconstantlychangi
ngwithtimeandplaceHenceexchangevalueappearstobesomethingaccidentalandpurelyrelativean
dconsequentlyanintrinsicvalueieanexchangevaluethatisinseparablyconnectedwithinherenti
ncommoditiesseemsacontradictionintermsLetusconsiderthematteralittlemoreclosely


version 3:

Thewealthofthosesocietiesinwhichthecapitalistmodeofproductionprevailspresentsitselfas
              thoft                                                    modeo


animmenseaccumulationofcommoditiesitsunitbeingasinglecommodityOurinvestigationmustthe
  nimmen                      nofcom


reforebeginwiththeanalysisofacommodityAcommodityisinthefirstplaceanobjectoutsideusath
                                       sisofaco


ingthatbyitspropertiessatisfieshumanwantsofsomesortoranotherThenatureofsuchwantswheth
                                                                   sofso


erforinstancetheyspringfromthestomachorfromfancymakesnodifferenceNeitherarewehereconc
                                                            chorf                      snodiffe


ernedtoknowhowtheobjectsatisfiesthesewantswhetherdirectlyasmeansofsubsistenceorindire
                                                                                                  yasmean


ctlyasmeansofproductionEveryusefulthingasironpaper&cmaybelookedatfromthetwopointsofvi
    yasmean                                                                             belooked            hetwo

ewofqualityandquantityItisanassemblageofmanypropertiesandmaythereforebeofuseinvarious
                                                        blageo                                                forebeo


waysTodiscoverthevarioususesofthingsistheworkofhistorySoalsoistheestablishmentofsocia
            disco                            soft                                                                      mento


llyrecognizedstandardsofmeasureforthequantitiesoftheseusefulobjectsThediversityofthes
              zeds                                    thequan      soft


emeasureshasitsoriginpartlyinthediversenatureoftheobjectstobemeasuredpartlyinconventi
        sure                                         verse                                            sure


onTheutilityofathingmakesitausevalueButthisutilityisnotathingofairBeinglimitedbytheph
                  yo                                      Butt                      thingo


ysicalpropertiesofthecommodityithasnoexistenceapartfromthatcommodityAcommoditysuchasi
                                                          noex


roncornoradiamondisthereforesofarasitisamaterialthingausevaluesomethingusefulThisprop
          norad    mondist


ertyofacommodityisindependentoftheamountoflabourrequiredtoappropriateitsusefulqualiti
     yofac                                                           flab                                                  fulqua


esWhentreatingofusevaluewealwaysassumetobedealingwithdefinitequantitiessuchasdozensof
                                            wealway                                                                                zen


watchesyardsoflinenortonsofironTheusevaluesofcommoditiesfurnishthematerialforaspecial
                              norton


studythatofthecommercialknowledgeofcommoditiesUsevaluesbecomearealityonlybyuseorconsu
                                                                             esUse                              lityon


mptiontheyalsoconstitutethesubstanceofallwealthwhatevermaybethesocialformofthatwealth
            heya                                      ceo                              maybeth


Intheformofsocietyweareabouttoconsidertheyareinadditionthematerialdepositoriesofexcha
                                                                          reina                                                sofex


ngevalueExchangevalueatfirstsightpresentsitselfasaquantitativerelationastheproportio
                                                                                aqua

ninwhichvaluesinuseofonesortareexchangedforthoseofanothersortarelationconstantlychang
                                                  reex


ingwithtimeandplaceHenceexchangevalueappearstobesomethingaccidentalandpurelyrelativea
                                                                                  beso                                          lyre


ndconsequentlyanintrinsicvalueieanexchangevaluethatisinseparablyconnectedwithinherent
                                                                                                                                      here


incommoditiesseemsacontradictionintermsLetusconsiderthematteralittlemoreclosely
                                                                                                                       reclose



version 4:

              thoft                                                                                modeo

  nimmen                      nofcom

                                       sisofaco

                                                                   sofso

                                                            chorf                      snodiffe

                                                                                                  yasmean

    yasmean                                                                           belooked            hetwo

                                                blageo                                                forebeo

            disco                            soft                                                                      mento

              zeds                                    thequan      soft

        sure                                         verse                                            sure

                    yo                                      Butt                          thingo

                                                          noex

          norad    mondist

     yofac                                                           flab                                                  fulqua

                                            wealway                                                                                zen

                              norton

                                                                             esUse                              lityon

            heya                                      ceo                              maybeth

                                                                          reina                                                sofex

                                                                                aqua

                                                  reex

                                                                                  beso                                          lyre

                                                                                                                                      here

                                                                                                                       reclose






(. . . failed, of course. )

                                                                                                                       [but entertainingly so]